Throughout the academic year of 1989-1990, the University of Wisconsin- Green Bay participated in an independent study to look at how well the University was complying with the requirements of Title IX. Title IX was originally passed in 1972, the study was conducted 17 years later to assess the University’s compliance.
Overview of Analysis:
It was the University’s belief at the time that UWGB was in compliance with the requirements of Title IX. At the time of the study there were seven men’s sports and seven women’s sports. The analysis notes that one of the sport’s that was considered men’s – sailing, was also co-educational and included women on is competitive roster.
The number of female athletes actually slightly exceeded male athletes. This was partially based on student interest but also because some women’s sports offered have more participants (volleyball, softball) then some men’s sports (golf, cross-country skiing.)
It is the University’s intent to, based on student interest, offer the same number of women’s and men’s sports in the athletic programs future. The NCAA requires both men and women to have a minimum of six sports each when at the Division 1 level.
The University feels that athletic scholarships are awarded in fair and appropriate amounts to both male and female athletes. Full-ride scholarships (tuition, room and board, and books) are only offered to men’s and women’s basketball players. The rest of the athletes were only awarded a tuition waiver. At the time there were 14 male full-ride athletes and 13 women full-ride athletes.
In 1989-1990 the total amount of athletic aid for men’s athletics is $186,778, and $175,019 for women’s athletics. The total number of male athletes is 82 and a total of 91 female athletes. The “average” amount of aid for males is $2,277 and $1,923 for females. It should be noted that not all athletes are receiving award (male or female) so “average” award means that this is included as well. Out-of-state tuition is also higher and there are more out-of-state athletes than there are female.
The University feels that the deficit in women’s out-of-state athletes will decrease once the recruiting for women’s basketball is expanded outside the state of Wisconsin. Women’s basketball has expanded it recruiting efforts beyond Wisconsin and is now in a financial position to award out-of-state tuition awards to athletes. UWGB anticipates having out-of-state women’s basketball players with full-ride scholarships in the near future.
One major category that was assessed was the equal treatment of the men’s and women’s basketball programs at UWGB. In the opinion of the University the men’s and women’s basketball teams are treated in a similar manner. The reasons are as follows: the women’s team in recent years has traveled all across the United States to play in games and tournaments with some support from the University. The women’s team was also able to accept a last minute invitation to play in an international tournament in Seoul. Women’s basketball is also new to the NCAA Division 1 and a dedicated member of the North Star conference. Equipment for the men’s and women’s team is also comparable. Both teams have up-to date practice gear, balls, and other equipment. The wood floor in the gym is also being replaced and this is where the women’s team plays their home games.
There is an obvious difference in salary between our women’s and men’s head coaches that is based on market value differences and experience. Both of the part time men’s assistant coaches made more than the one women’s manager and the reasoning is because the male coaches have many years of experience while the women’s assistant is a recent college graduate. The University is asking for assistance for the expansion of the women’s locker room and women’s team rooms. When the gym was built it was made too small and no longer meets the space requirements that our women athletes needs.
In summary, the University believes that we are in compliance with Title IX. If there are any discrepancies we are making a good faith effort to upgrade the number of women’s sports offerings and to remain in compliance.
Was the University actually in compliance with Title IX?
In the analysis it appears that UWGB had done a decent job complying with Title IX. It also needs to be noted that this study didn’t happen until 17 years after it was originally passed! This shows us that it was not an immediate change and that many, many years later there is still progress to be made. In 1989-90 there were actually more female athletes than there were male yet male athletes received more money during the year! More women’s athletes should have meant more money to fund the women’s programs. This discrepancy is blamed on the fact that there were more out-of-state male athletes than there were females. Is this because the women’s athletic programs weren’t interesting to out-of-state athletes or was the funding added to fuel male sports instead? The University makes vague statements like we are planning on expanding our recruitment area and we see out-of-state women joining our program in the near future. These vague statements sound good on the surface but lack any motivation or proof that these are the intentions of the University.