Title IX

What is Title IX?

Title IX is apart of the Education Amendments to the Civil Rights Act, which was passed in 1972.

Title IX states:

“No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.”

National effects:

  • Women’s participation in intercollegiate athletics rose from about 32,000 in 1971 to about 178,000 in 2007-2008
  • Title IX requires the total amount of athletic financial assistance given to men and women to be proportionate to the rate of their participation in their intercollegiate athletic programs.
  • Men and Women athletes are required to receive equal benefits and services.
  • A Three Prong Test was created in 1979. This test forces universities to comply with one of the following
    • The ratio of male and female athletes is equal to the ratio of male and female undergraduates at that particular university.
    • The university has proven that they have and continue to expand opportunities for women.
    • The university fully and effectively accommodates the interests and abilities of women on campus.

Sadly, today 57 percent of undergraduates are women and they only receive about 42 percent of the athletic participation opportunities. Therefore, although our nation had made strides forward in gender equality among intercollegiate athletics it is still not perfect.